Live /

Book in advance to visit Scotland’s historic places. Before you travel, please check the latest Scottish Government guidance.



A Neolithic landscape

There are 15 Neolithic chambered tombs on Rousay, five of which are in our care: Taversöe Tuick, Blackhammer, Knowe of Yarso and Midhowe.

The tombs were excavated in the 1930s, and all were found to contain human remains. Midhowe and Knowe of Yarso each contained more than 20 individuals.

In addition to human bones, finds at Midhowe included:

  • pottery
  • worked flint
  • animal bones

Biggest and best

Midhowe Chambered Cairn is by far the largest of the tombs on Rousay. It’s 32.5m long and wonderfully presented, protected from the elements by a modern hangar. In shape and internal layout, the cairn is similar to some Neolithic houses, such as Knap of Howar on Papa Westray.

Upright slabs projecting from the walls inside the cairn divide the 23m passage into 12 stalls. They’re quite plain at the southern entrance end, but become more elaborate towards the far end, with low benches built into east sides. The last stall, at the far north end, is the most elaborate, paved and subdivided by low slabs.

No quiet place

Evidence from Midhowe gives us a window into Neolithic burial practice. It seems the dead were first buried in a crouched position on the shelves of the tomb, allowed to decompose to bones, and then rearranged.

When the tomb was excavated in the 1930s, nine corpses were found crouched in the stalls, facing towards the central chamber. Three skulls were placed upright on one of the benches, and the remains of at least 15 other individuals were scattered around the chamber. Presumably the nine corpses were the most recent burials, awaiting rearrangement.

These were not sealed sepulchres, where the dead could rest in peace, but were frequented by the living. The living certainly visited them for new internments, and possibly during important festivals.

At some date the tomb was deliberately filled with stones to prevent further use.

Historic Scotland

Opening times

This site is closed for now.

We’re working hard to gradually reopen the places you love while making sure the experience is safe for everyone.


Download our visitor app

Discover more on the go – the Historic Scotland app lets you find out about Scotland’s most iconic places wherever you are.

Explorer Passes

Get free entry to Scotland’s top visitor attractions with an Explorer Pass valid for 5 or 14 consecutive days.

Become a member

Join Historic Scotland to visit our properties free of charge for a full year and support our work at the same time.

Hire a site for filming

Use one of our fantastic locations on your next shoot for an awe-inspiring backdrop to your work.

Learning visits

Our 300+ historic places serve as creative inspiration for all sorts of learning activities – and for learners of all ages.

Search our events

See the past brought to life by the imaginative year-round programme of events at our properties.