Edwardian penny, 1279-1344.
The obeverse design of this coins consists of a crowned portrait of King Edward I, facing front, withthe Latin lettering EDWR ANGL DNS HYB, at legend. This translates as: Edward King of England and Lord of Ireland.
A long cross with three pellets in each quarter is on the reverse. Here, the inscription reads the name of the mint.
This English silver penny is an example of medieval commerce. The recoinage that commenced during the seventh year of Edward I's reign established a format for the design of English coins that will lack any substantial change for many years. It should be noted that the practice of indicating the King's regnal number on the coins was introduced by Henry III but was not continued by his successors: Edward I, Edward II and Edward II. This means that for almost a hundred years, all English pennies bore the name 'Edward' and their basic design remained the same. As a consequence, it is very difficult to determine the sequence of issue and to attribute the coins to one of the three Edwards.