Early medieval carved stone slab from St Blane's Chapel burial ground, Isle of Bute. The front face has two carved panels: the upper one panel depicts a rider on horseback, the lower panel filled with diagonal cheques, each with a central indentation. St Blane was a monk from the Isle of Bute who lived from about 530 to 590. On loan to Bute Museum, Rothesay.

St Blane's Church

St Blane’s is the best preserved of the surviving early Christian sites on Bute.

Tradition holds that a monastery was founded here by St Catan in the late AD 500s. The story tells that his sister Ertha became pregnant by an unknown man, and Catan cast her and her baby, Blane, adrift. They eventually washed up in Ulster, where Blane grew up at St Congarth’s monastery at Bangor.

Blane returned to Bute and succeeded St Catan as abbot of the monastery and bishop of the area until his death in around AD 590.

Surviving remnants of that 1,400-year-old monastery include:

  • a stone wall separating the secular world from the spiritual
  • foundations of numerous circular buildings
  • a well
  • a stone base which would have once supported a stone cross

Among the stones

A cemetery at the centre of the enclosure is split into two parts. The discovery of early Christian stones testifies to its use in St Blane’s time.

A hogback stone found here, erroneously known as St Blane’s tomb, dates to the AD 900s or 1000s. It demonstrates that the Norsemen who settled here after the monastery was abandoned eventually became Christians themselves. The oblong structure in the lower cemetery may be a chapel or oratory.

A Romanesque gem

In the upper cemetery stand the ruins of Kingarth Parish Church, built in the mid-1100s. Its Romanesque architecture, particularly the 1300s chancel arch, are exceptional.

The cemeteries at St Blane’s remained in use for a long time. The rectangular footings at the south-west corner of the site probably represent the remains of the parsonage or manse.

Find out more about St Blane's Church


Date Made
7th century-8th century
780 x 270 x 90mm
Property Information
St Blane's Church
Object Number
Access Status