Charles I (1625-49) turner, coinage of 1642, 1644, 1648 and 1650.
Found at St. Peter's Kirk, Duffus, this coin was worth two pence Scot and offers an example of copper coinage struck during the reign of Charles I.
The design bears a crowned C R, for King Charles, on the obverse. The reverse consists of a thistle in inner circle.
The Latin inscription is at legend on both sides, with the obverse reading CAR. DG. SCOT. ANG. FRA. ET. HIB. R. This translates as: Charles by the grace of God King of Scotland, England, France and Ireland. On the reverse is the Latin inscription, NEMO ME IMPVNE LACESSET, which means 'no-one shall hurt me with impunity'.
During the Civil Wars years, 1642-60, copper turners were the only coins milled in Scotland. At this time, both the names turner and bodle were in use to indicate a two penny piece. The former is thought to be derived from the French 'tournois'; while the latter is possibly after the Earl of Bothwell. Charles became King in 1625 but his Scottish coronation did not take place until 1633. His reign culminated in civil war and his execution.