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This is a plaster cast of the tomb effigy of Mary Queen of Scots at Westminster Abbey.

Mary was executed on 8th February 1587, by the orders of her cousin Queen Elizabeth I of England. Elizabeth alleged Mary had plotted her assassination. Mary was originally buried in Peterborough Cathedral.

In 1603 Mary’s son succeeded Elizabeth I and unionised the crowns, becoming King James VI of Scotland and I of England and Ireland. In 1606 James began to arrange for the re-burial of his mother in Westminster Abbey, which took place in September 1612. Her extravagant tomb was designed by Cornelius and William Cure - it took six years to complete.

This plaster cast was reportedly once owned by Sir Walter Scott. Scott was fascinated with Mary, and Scottish history in general. He helped popularise Scottish Romanticism through his novels dedicated to Scottish history and culture. On the library ceiling in Abbotsford House (Scott’s custom-built residence) there is a wooden carving of Mary which is identical to this plaster cast.

Linlithgow Palace

Once a majestic royal residence of the Stewarts, Linlithgow Palace today lies roofless and ruined. Yet entering the palace gates still inspires awe in visitors.

James I ordered work on a palace to begin in 1424, following a fire that severely damaged the earlier residence. The elegant, new ‘pleasure palace’ became a welcome rest stop for royals on the busy road between Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle.

The Stewart queens especially liked the peace and fresh air, and Linlithgow Palace served as the royal nursery for:

  • James V – born 1512
  • Mary Queen of Scots – born 1542
  • Princess Elizabeth – born 1596

But the palace fell quickly into decline when James VI moved the royal court to London in 1603, following his coronation as James I of England.

The palace’s north quarter, which probably housed the queen’s apartment where Mary was born, fell to the ground in 1607. It was rebuilt around 1620, on the orders of James VI. The end came in 1746, when a great fire swept through the palace.

An ancient site

Linlithgow Palace stands on a low hill above a small inland loch. The name Linlithgow means ‘the loch in the damp hollow’.

The site was first occupied as far back as Roman times 2,000 years ago. There has been a royal residence here since at least the reign of David I (1124–53). He also founded the town that grew up around the royal residence.

Peace in Linlithgow was shattered in 1296, when Edward I of England invaded Scotland. The ‘Hammer of the Scots’ had a formidable defence built around the royal residence in 1302. He called it his ‘pele’ (from the Old French ‘pel’, meaning ‘stake’).

No visible features of the original Linlithgow Peel survive. The name is now used for the attractive parkland that surrounds the remains of the later Stewart palace.

A longstanding Stewart project

James I had begun work on the new palace shortly after his return from captivity in England. Over the course of the next century and more, his heirs completed the great task.

Palace highlights include the:

  • Great Hall built for James I
  • royal apartments added by James IV (1488–1513)
  • three-tiered courtyard fountain added by James V in 1538
  • north quarter rebuilt for James VI (1567–1625)

The end result was a hugely impressive quadrangular palace, its four ranges grouped around a central courtyard.

Find out more about Linlithgow Palace

Details

Date Made
17th century
Dimensions
w 225mm (w 8 7/8")
Property Information
Linlithgow Palace
Object Number
LLP243
Access Status
Display

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