Dating from the time of the Picto-Scottish kingdom of Kenneth Mac Alpin c.800, this cross is probably the most important art historical monument for dating the founding of Scotland. Originally standing at Bankhead in the grounds of Dupplin Castle near the ancient Pictish royal centre of Forteviot, the cross has reliefs depicting military and religious ideas of kingship. It is unique in bearing two inscriptions, one in Latin and another in ogham. The four decorated relief panels depict (1) King David, rending the jaw of a lion/bear; above four pairs of birds with interlocked beaks and feet. A cross within a radiate disk, spirals on the face of the Cross. (2) The Harpist King; above, a beast with head turned back swallows its tail, interlocking designs above and below. (3) A moustached King rides on horseback with four of his armed foot soldiers below, entwined foliate design above a central disk on the face of the Cross. (4) Two standing beasts, paws entwined, above two moustached foot soldiers, each holding a spear and shield, interlocking design on the shaft above as on (B). The Dupplin cross was removed from its original postion in June 1998 for conservation reasons. It is now on display in St Serfs Church, Dunning, Perth and Kinloss.